GUL PAH GO (Lone Wolf I)
head chief of the Kiowa after the death of Do ha son in 1866 and remained
as head chief until his death in 1879. He was known to the white people as Lone
In the fall of 1873, Tau-ah-kia , nineteen year old son of
the hereditary chief of the Kiowas, and his close friend, Young Sitting Bear,
son of Set-angya (Satank) and a number of young men left on a raid into
Mexico. The waiting time for the two favorite sons to return was long, 5 moons.
News didn't reach the Kiowa camp near Devil's Canyon until January 13, 1874,
when the young men rode back into camp with their faces painted black. The two
sons were not with them.
On December 3, 1873, Tau-ah-kia was
killed in south Texas by a Lieutenant Hudson of Fort Clark, Texas who was a
member of the 4th Calvary. Fort Clark had been alerted that a band of Kiowas and
a few Comanches were on their way back from a Mexico war party. A detachment of
the 4th Calvary was sent out to intercept them.
Riding with the war
party was his boyhood friend, Momaday, who retrieved his fallen friend and
buried him according to Kiowa custom. When a young Kiowa Brave died in battle,
he was buried on the battle spot.
The news spread through the camp and
wailing pierced the air, mourning a chief's death. Tau-ah-kia's family tipi was
torn down, family horses killed and belongings burned. The old chief, Lone Wolf
and Setting Bear, sat in the tipi for 4 days without eating or drinking. Then
they got up and came out, looking llike old, old men with their faces fallen
into the bones and their eyes pushed into the backs of their heads.
summer of 1874, Lone Wolf, the acknowledged leader of the war element of the
Kiowa lead a party to Mexico to bury the boys, making a vow to kill a white man
in retaliation. This created more of the outbreak of hostilities in 1874-1875
with the Kiowa, Comanches, and Cheyenne.
As the hostilities ended, in May
1875, 9 Comanche, 26 Kiowa and 35 Cheyenne and Arapahowere sent to Military
Prison in Fort Marion, Florida The most prominent Kiowa included were Lone Wolf,
Swan, Woman Heart, and White Horse. They were released and returned home, May
1878. Shortly after his return, Lone Wolf conferred his name and succession upon
hi adoted son, Mom'a'date, the friend who had been with his son when he was
killed. Lone Wolf died in 1879 and is buried in an unmarked grave on the north
side of Long Horn Mountain east of Kiowa County.
Information from "The Ten Grandmothers" by Alice Marriott, published by
University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, 1945; and "Calender History of the
Kiowa Indians" by James Mooney, published by Smithsonian Institution Press,
Washington, D.C. from reports, 1895-1896.
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