SET-T'AINTE (Satanta, White Bear)
In April, 1864, a government physician was sent out among the tribes to vaccinate
them as a protection from small pox which had recently decimated them. He found
them all apparently friendly and spent some time in the camp of Set-‘T ainte
At this time, the civil war was going on and Texas was fighting the general
govenrment, which confirmed the Indians in their belief that Texans and Americans
were two distinct and hostile Nations.
In 1871, a large raiding party killed 7 white men in Texas and captured a number
of mules. Upon their return, the leaders bragged about their deeds in the presence
of the agent and General Sherman, who promptly arrested the the 3 most prominent,
Set-angya (Santank, Setting Bear), Set-tainte, (Satanta, White Bear)
and Ado-eette (Big Tree). They were to be taken to Texas for trial and
punishment. Set-angya resisted and was killed. The other two were sent to Texas,
tried and sent to prison.
Satanta and Big Tree were finally released by the governor of Texas in October
1873. In 1874, reports of raids started coming in and by Novemeber, Satanta
was captured and sent back to prison in Texas. In 1878, 4 years after his caprure,
Satanta committed suicide by jumping from the upper story of the prison. His
death removed one of the most prominent chiefs in Kiowa history, the most daring
and succesful Warrior. While in authority, he was second only to Lone Wolf.
His eloquence and expression in his native language earned him the title "Orator
of the Plains."
Chief Satanta's Grave
Fort Sill Cemetery, Lawton OK
Information from "The Ten Grandmothers" by Alice Marriott, published by
University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, 1945; and "Calender History of the
Kiowa Indians" by James Mooney, published by Smithsonian Institution Press,
Washington, D.C. from reports, 1895-1896.
This information compiled, prepared and submitted to this site by Ethel Taylorand remains the property of the
NOTICE: Ethel Taylor grants that
this information and data may be used by non-commercial entities, as long
as this message remains on all copied material, for personal and genealogical
research. These electronic pages cannot be reproduced in any format for
profit, can not be copied over to other sites, linked to, or other presentation
without written permission of Ethel Taylor.