Cheyenne Warrior Woman
E’hyoph’sta of the Southern Cheyenne was born about 1826 and died in August 1915, on the Tongue River Reservation in Montana. Of all the Plains' manly-hearted women, the most ruthless may have been E’hyoph’sta, better known as Yellow-Haired Woman. The daughter of Cheyenne Chief Stands in Timber and the niece of the old Bad Faced Bull. Unlike most women warriors, she first entered battle intending to die rather than achieve revenge for a loss. Her husband, Walking Bear, had been killed by an accidental discharge of his own gun in 1867.
In 1868, during the Southern Plains Campaign, Major George Forsyth led a volunteer company of fifty-one “Plainsmen” out to find and report the locations of Indian camps so the they could be found by regular army units and placed on reservations. E’hyoph’sta’s first battle was an attack on this force by the Cheyenne. This took place on September 17, 1868, on the Arickaree Fork of the Republican River in Colorado, at a low river island later known as “Beecher’s Island”.
After surrounding the scouting
party on the low island, warriors of the Cheyenne Dog Society, (Dog
Soldiers, as they were commonly known), kept the small force under siege
for eight days. E’hyoph’sta, riding a horse her father had
given her, joined in the mounted charges against the scouts.
E’hyoph’sta’s next battle was against the Shoshone on Beaver Creek, a stream near the Big Horn Mountains in Montana. One account told by a warrior named Wooden Leg places the action in 1873. Several plains tribes had gathered for their annual autumn buffalo hunt, which were also times for major horse raids. Members of the Cheyenne camp and the nearby Shoshone camp were out raiding when they ran into each other and fighting began. After one attack, the Cheyenne chased and trapped a Shoshone war party in a deep ravine. At the end of four days the Shoshone were either dead or captured. One captured Shoshone warrior was about to be questioned by the Dog Soldiers when E’hyoph’sta came up and said she would interrogate him. She raised the Shoshone’s arm and stabbed him twice in the arm pit, killing him. She then took his scalp. For this act and two other coups counted during the four days of fighting, she was admitted to the Dog Soldier Warrior Society.
This information was taken from Journal of Indian Wars, Volume 1, No. 3, article titled:”Daughters of the Lance: Native American Women Warriors.” By Rodney G. Thomas. For more information see: “The Fighting Cheyenne” by George Bird Grinnell University of Oklahoma Press, 1915. Mr. Grinnell interviewed E’hyoph’sta in 1908 and 1912.